11 Interesting Facts About Mental Disability

Source: DoSomething.org

  1. “Intellectual disability” (previously known as mental retardation) means that an individual mentally develops at a below-average rate. These people can have learning difficulties and trouble socially adjusting.
  2. Intellectual disability (sometimes called “cognitive disability”) is not a disease or a contagious condition. You can challenge your friends to reduce stigma around disability. Sign up for We Are Able.
  3. This type of disability (which differs from person to person) can be caused by any condition which impairs the development of the brain before or during birth or in early childhood. More than 250 causes of intellectual disability have been discovered.
  4. In the US, roughly 4.6 million people are identified as having an intellectual disability.
  5. One known cause of mental disability is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) and is totally preventable.

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  1. Children with cognitive disabilities may develop slower than other children in terms of speaking, learning to walk and taking care of themselves (showering, eating, dressing).
  2. About 25% of cases of mental disability are caused by a genetic disorder.
  3. A BBC poll conducted in the UK concluded that “retarded” was the most offensive disability-related word.
  4. The majority of individuals affected by these disabilities show only mild symptoms and, with the right support, can greatly improve, learn, and develop.
  5. 92% of adults with a mental disability live independently or with family members while 8% live in an institution or group home.
  6. In about 25 to 33% of children born with a mental disability, the cause is unknown.